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Appendix 2 - New Testament Word Study

Summary

There are two main Greek words to do with fasting in the New Testament - nesteuo (to fast) and nesteia (a fast).

Some of the contextual areas they are used in continue from the Old Testament - to express grief, to ask God for help, and empty religious performance.

However, there are also new areas distinct to the New Testament, which seem to be less about extreme seriousness, and more about our relationship with God. This is most obviously seen in the occurrence of fasting with worship.

The next two sections look at the contextual use of these two words in detail, but here the results are summarised:

Continuation of Old Testament Usage

  To express griefTo ask God for helpEmpty religious performanceIndividualCorporate
To fast - nesteuo1 0 3 3 3
A fast - nesteia 0 2 0 2 1
Total 1 2 3 5 4

New Testament Usage

  Lead by Holy SpiritFather's RewardWorshipDedicationSpiritual Authority
To fast - nesteuo1 1 1 1 0
A fast - nesteia 0 0 1 0 1
Total 1 1 2 1 1
< Old Testament Word Study, A Fast - tsowm To fast - nesteuo >

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