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A fast (tsowm)

The Hebrew word tsowm (pronounced tsome) means a fast.

  To express griefRepentanceTo ask God for helpDirection from GodEmpty religious performanceIndividualCorporate
2 Samuel 12:16     Y     Y  
1 Kings 21:9             Y
2 Chronicles 20:3     Y Y     Y
Ezra 8:21     Y       Y
Nehemiah 9:1   Y         Y
Esther 4:3, 9:31 Y           Y
Psalm 35:13 Y   Y     Y  
Psalm 69:10 Y   Y     Y  
Psalm 109:24     Y     Y  
Isaiah 58:3,5-6   Y Y   Y Y  
Jeremiah 36:6,9             Y
Daniel 9:3   Y Y     Y  
Joel 1:14,2:12,15 Y Y Y       Y
Jonah 3:5 Y Y Y       Y
Zechariah 8:19 Y           Y
Total 6 5 10 1 1 6 9

2 Samuel 12:16 David begged God to spare the child. He went without food and lay all night on the bare ground.

1 Kings 21:9 In her letters she commanded: "Call the citizens together for fasting and prayer, and give Naboth a place of honor."

2 Chronicles 20:3 Jehoshaphat was terrified by this news and begged the LORD for guidance. He also ordered everyone in Judah to begin fasting.

Ezra 8:21 And there by the Ahava Canal, I gave orders for all of us to fast and humble ourselves before our God. We prayed that he would give us a safe journey and protect us, our children, and our goods as we traveled.

Nehemiah 9:1 On October 31 the people assembled again, and this time they fasted and dressed in burlap and sprinkled dust on their heads.

Esther 4:3 And as news of the king's decree reached all the provinces, there was great mourning among the Jews. They fasted, wept, and wailed, and many people lay in burlap and ashes.

Esther 9:31 These letters established the Festival of Purim-an annual celebration of these days at the appointed time, decreed by both Mordecai the Jew and Queen Esther. (The people decided to observe this festival, just as they had decided for themselves and their descendants to establish the times of fasting and mourning.)

Psalm 35:13 Yet when they were ill, I grieved for them. I denied myself by fasting for them, but my prayers returned unanswered.

Psalm 69:10 When I weep and fast, they scoff at me.

Isaiah 58:3 'We have fasted before you!' they say. 'Why aren't you impressed? We have been very hard on ourselves, and you don't even notice it!' "I will tell you why!" I respond. "It's because you are fasting to please yourselves. Even while you fast, you keep oppressing your workers.

Isaiah 58:5-6 You humble yourselves by going through the motions of penance, bowing your heads like reeds bending in the wind. You dress in burlap and cover yourselves with ashes. Is this what you call fasting? Do you really think this will please the LORD? "No, this is the kind of fasting I want: Free those who are wrongly imprisoned; lighten the burden of those who work for you. Let the oppressed go free, and remove the chains that bind people.

Jeremiah 36:6 So you go to the Temple on the next day of fasting, and read the messages from the LORD that I have had you write on this scroll. Read them so the people who are there from all over Judah will hear them.

Jeremiah 36:9 He did this on a day of sacred fasting held in late autumn, during the fifth year of the reign of Jehoiakim son of Josiah. People from all over Judah had come to Jerusalem to attend the services at the Temple on that day.

Daniel 9:3 So I turned to the LORD God and pleaded with him in prayer and fasting. I also wore rough burlap and sprinkled myself with ashes.

Joel 1:14 Announce a time of fasting; call the people together for a solemn meeting. Bring the leaders and all the people of the land into the Temple of the LORD your God, and cry out to him there.

Joel 2:12 That is why the LORD says, "Turn to me now, while there is time. Give me your hearts. Come with fasting, weeping, and mourning."

Joel 2:15 Blow the ram's horn in Jerusalem! Announce a time of fasting; call the people together for a solemn meeting.

Jonah 3:5 The people of Nineveh believed God's message, and from the greatest to the least, they declared a fast and put on burlap to show their sorrow.

Zechariah 8:19 This is what the LORD of Heaven's Armies says: The traditional fasts and times of mourning you have kept in early summer, midsummer, autumn, and winter are now ended. They will become festivals of joy and celebration for the people of Judah. So love truth and peace.

< To fast - tsuwm Appendix 2 - New Testmanent Word Study >

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