The Father

The Father is the source of everything, including (although outside time and so non-creatively) Son and Spirit. The Father is the creator of all created things, and all things originate with him. The phrase 'God the Father' occurs many times in the bible, reflecting this.

The Father of all

Ephesians 4:6 states that there is 'one God and Father of all, who is above all, and through all, and in you all'. The Father is the Creator, and is both transcendent (beyond and outside) and immanent (fully immersed) with respect to His creation.

The Father of those who believe

However, there is a much greater aspect of Fatherhood with those who believe, who are in God's family. This comes as we receive 'the Spirit of sonship' (Romans 8:15) and through adoption become sons of God. There are many references to God our Father, from the sermon on the mount (Matthew 5-7) to the openings of many of Paul's letters:

Grace and peace to you from God our Father and the Lord Jesus Christ.

Philippians 1:2

The Father of Christ

Finally, there is a unique Fatherhood of Christ. Many times, 'Christ' and 'Son of God' appear together, and in the terminology of the Jewish culture they are synonymous:

Simon Peter answered, "You are the Christ, the Son of the living God."

Matthew 16:16

The high priest said to him, "I charge you under oath by the living God: Tell us if you are the Christ, the Son of God."

Matthew 26:63

"Yes, Lord," she told him, "I believe that you are the Christ, the Son of God, who was to come into the world."

John 11:27

But these are written that you may believe that Jesus is the Christ, the Son of God, and that by believing you may have life in his name.

John 20:31

Christ is the Son of God and ultimate Saviour-King of God's people (e.g. John 1:49, "Rabbi, you are the Son of God - the King of Israel!"), and Jesus himself used this terminology:

"Then the King will say to those on his right, 'Come, you who are blessed by my Father...'"

Matthew 25:34

(He also connects this with his own title, 'Son of Man', in the preceding Matthew 25:31).

The connection of Christ and the Son of God is continued in the epistles, for example:

Then all of you can join together with one voice, giving praise and glory to God, the Father of our Lord Jesus Christ.

Romans 15:6

All praise to God, the Father of our Lord Jesus Christ.

1 Peter 1:3

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